Geography Trivia

Check out these geography trivia questions and challenge someone to a quiz on everything covering major city and state capital trivia from around the world.

Geography Trivia

Travel across time zones and discover more about the beautiful landscapes and places as you take a geography quiz or two and discover an answer or two you never knew. Try out an Asia trivia question or something from the Northern hemisphere. Here are some of the best geography trivia questions and answers.

Geography Trivia Questions and Answers

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What is the world’s smallest country?▶ Vatican City
In what ocean did the Titanic sink?▶ The North Atlantic Ocean
What city is the capital of the country Turkey?▶ Ankara
What 3 countries do not use the metric system?▶ Liberia, Myanmar and The United States
Sri Lanka is surrounded by which ocean?▶ Indian Ocean
Which Spanish Island is known as “The Island of Eternal Spring”?▶ Tenerife
What is the name of the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall and in what country is it located?▶ Angel Falls, Venezuela
The island of Saipan is a commonwealth of which country?▶ The United States
Which US state has the nickname the Treasure State?▶ Montana
What city connects two continents?▶ Istanbul
What country has the largest land mass?▶ Russia
Sicily is the largest island in which sea?▶ Mediterranean Sea
Where would you find St. Peter’s Basilica?▶ Vatican City
What US state has the longest official name?▶ State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
What is the capital of North Korea?▶ Pyongyang
What capital city lies on the Potomac River?▶ Washington D.C.
What is the name of the Spanish islands that lie off the Northwest coast of Africa?▶ The Canary Islands
Which country has the most volcanoes?▶ The United States
In which national park would you find the geyser known as “Old Faithful”?▶ Yellowstone National Park
Which city is traditionally said to be built on seven hills?▶ Rome
Which city has the largest population in the world?▶ Tokyo, Japan
What is the Japanese word that means “empty orchestra”?▶ Karaoke
Which desert is the largest in the world?▶ The Antarctic Polar Desert
What canal connects the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean?▶ The Panama Canal
By area, what is the smallest ocean in the world?▶ The Arctic Ocean
What city is the capital of Hungary?▶ Budapest
Which two countries share the longest undefended border?▶ The United States and Canada
In which U.S. state would you find Mount Rushmore?▶ South Dakota
Where is the lowest point, on dry land, on the earth located?▶ The Dead Sea
The US military installation Area 51 is located in which state?▶ Nevada
Which state of the United States is the smallest?▶ Rhode Island
What is the world’s largest active volcano?▶ Mauna Loa (Hawaii)
The Southern Ocean surrounds which continent?▶ Antarctica
In which US state would you find Stone Mountain Park?▶ Georgia
What is the capital of Peru?▶ Lima
What city is the capital of India?▶ New Delhi
Which city is located both in Asia and Europe?▶ Istanbul
What is the capital city of Croatia?▶ Zagreb
What is the capital of the Republic of Ireland?▶ Dublin
What is the capital city of the Philippines?▶ Manila
In what country would you find Mount Kilimanjaro?▶ Tanzania
Frankenmuth, a U.S. city nicknamed “Little Bavaria”, is located in what state?▶ Michigan
Lake Tahoe straddles the border between which two U.S. states?▶ California & Nevada
Madagascar is an island located of the southeast coast of what continent?▶ Africa
The Yangtze River is entirely located in which country?▶ The People’s Republic of China
The Giza Plateau can be found in what country?▶ Egypt
Portugal is bordered by what other country?▶ Spain
Which ocean trench is the deepest?▶ Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench
How many US states border the Pacific Ocean?▶ Five states: California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii
What is the tallest building in New York?▶ One World Trade Center
What is the name of the deepest known location in the Earth’s oceans?▶ Challenger Deep
What is the capital of Iceland?▶ Reykjavik
Yerevan, one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, is the capital of what country?▶ Armenia
Long Island is a part of which US state?▶ New York
In what city would you find the La Brea Tar Pits?▶ Los Angeles
What are the five boroughs of New York City?▶ Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, and Staten Island
Which city in the United States is known as the “Windy City”?▶ Chicago
What is the national language of India?▶ Hindi
Which of the great lakes does not share a border with Canada?▶ Lake Michigan
What is the largest country in North America?▶ Canada
Located in Northwestern Turkey, which strait separates Europe and Asia?▶ Bosphorus Strait
The Grand Canyon is located in which U.S. state?▶ Arizona
Beirut is the capital and largest city of what country?▶ Lebanon
Sardinia, the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, is an autonomous region of what country?▶ Italy
What U.S. national park, located in the Northwest corner of Montana, has the nickname “Crown of the Continent”?▶ Glacier National Park
Formerly known as Bedloe’s Island, what is the current name of the island where the Statue of Liberty is located?▶ Liberty Island
The St. Lawrence River forms part of the border between which two countries?▶ The United States & Canada
What is the Easternmost point on the North American continent?▶ Cape Spear, Newfoundland, Canada
In which South American country would you find the ancient Incan citadel Machu Picchu?▶ Peru
What is the name of the longest mountain range in North America?▶ Rocky Mountains
What is the name of the official currency of Costa Rica?▶ Costa Rican Colón
Carved stone human figures with large heads, known as Moai, can be found on what Polynesian island?▶ Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
What is the largest ocean on planet Earth?▶ Pacific Ocean
The Hoover Dam in the United States is built on what river?▶ The Colorado River
In what country would you find the temple complex Angkor Wat?▶ Cambodia
The avocado is a tree that is thought to have originated in what country?▶ Mexico
Sequoia National Park is located in which U.S. state?▶ California
What is the term for the natural boundary in North America separating waters that flow into the Atlantic Ocean from those that flow into the Pacific Ocean?▶ Continental Divide (Great Divide)
The Mexican city of Tijuana borders what U.S city?▶ San Diego
Which four U.S. states are on the United States-Mexico border?▶ California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas
Atlantic City is a popular entertainment destination located in what U.S. state?▶ New Jersey
Wellington is the capital city of which island nation?▶ New Zealand
Suriname is a country located on which continent?▶ South America
What U.S. state has the nickname “Land of 10,000 Lakes”?▶ Minnesota
In which country would you find the Panama Canal?▶ Panama
Tierra del Fuego is an archipelago located off the southernmost tip of which continent?▶ South America
What island state was formerly known by the name Formosa?▶ Taiwan (Republic of China)
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located on which continent?▶ Africa
Alkebulan is the oldest indigenous name for which continent?▶ Africa
What famous building would you find located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue?▶ The White House
Chile shares the majority of its border with which other South American country?▶ Argentina
The island of Cozumel, a popular cruise ship port in the Caribbean, is part of which country?▶ Mexico
Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji are the names for writing systems used in which country?▶ Japan
What is the name for the monetary unit used in Thailand?▶ Thai Bhat
What country’s current capital city is an anagram of its former capital city?▶ Japan (Kyoto/Tokyo)
The archaeological site Gobekli Tepe is located in what country?▶ Turkey
Macau is an autonomous territory belonging to which country?▶ China
What is the official language of Greenland?▶ Greenlandic
Montevideo is the capital city of which South American country?▶ Uruguay
How many red stripes are there on the United States flag?▶ Seven
What three countries share a border with North Korea?▶ China, Russia, and South Korea
Quito is the capital city of which South American country?▶ Ecuador
In what country would you find large ancient geoglyphs known as the the Nasca Lines?▶ Peru
Atlantis, Paradise Island is a famous resort located on which country’s coral based archipelago?▶ The Bahamas (the Commonwealth of The Bahamas)
What is the tallest mountain in South America?▶ Mount Aconcagua, Argentina
What is the world’s largest coral reef system?▶ The Great Barrier Reef
What country is named for its location on the equator?▶ Ecuador
The tallest statue in the world as of 2018, the Spring Temple Buddha, is located in what country?▶ China
Located in southern Siberia, what lake is the deepest and largest freshwater lake in the world?▶ Lake Baikal
Tenochtitlan, founded in 1324, is now known as what city?▶ Mexico City
The headquarters of the United Nations is located in what city?▶ New York City
Saskatchewan is a province of which country?▶ Canada
Which US state has the highest number of colleges and universities?▶ California
The southernmost part of the US is located in which state?▶ Hawaii
Which continent has the highest human population density?▶ Asia
What is the capital city of South Korea?▶ Seoul
Officially opened in 1869, what artificial waterway connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea?▶ The Suez Canal
Which continent is also a country?▶ Australia
Bogota is the high altitude capital of which country?▶ Colombia
What group of lakes located in upstate New York are named after a part of the human anatomy?▶ The finger lakes
In which national park would you find the geyser known as “Old Faithful”?▶ Yellowstone National Park
Which U.S. state has the motto “Live Free or Die” on their license plate?▶ New Hampshire
Which two South American countries do not touch the sea?▶ Paraguay and Bolivia
Olympia is the capital city of which U.S. state?▶ Washington
What city is most commonly referred to as “The City of Light”?▶ Paris, France
In which Asian country is the city of Chiang Mai located?▶ Thailand
Papua New Guinea is bordered by which country to the west?▶ Indonesia
Wrangell-St. Elias, the largest national park in the U.S., is located in which state?▶ Alaska
What inland U.S. state has the longest shoreline?▶ Michigan
What is the highest mountain when measured from the center of Earth?▶ Mt. Chimborazo in Ecuador (Due to equatorial bulge)
Tasmania is an isolated island state belonging to which country?▶ Australia
Located in southeast Vietnam, what is the former name of Ho Chi Minh City?▶ Saigon
Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona meet at what U.S. landmark?▶ Four Corners Monument
What are the only two countries in South America that do not border Brazil?▶ Chile and Ecuador
The highest mountain on Earth, Mount Everest, is located in which mountain range?▶ The Himalayas
What is the only territory of the mainland Americas that still belongs to a European country?▶ French Guiana
The city of Baghdad lies along the banks of which river?▶ The Tigris River
What is the only country that displays the Bible on its national flag?▶ The Dominican Republic
The island of Borneo is politically divided among which three countries?▶ Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei
What is the only national flag that is not square or rectangular?▶ The flag of Nepal
Spoken by the majority of the population, what is the official language of Iran?▶ Persian (Farsi)
IKEA, the ready-to-assemble furniture company, has its headquarters located in what country?▶ The Netherlands
Which European country has the longest coastline?▶ Norway
Which two countries are connected by the Karakoram Pass?▶ China and India
Formerly the world’s tallest building, what is the name of Taipei’s largest skyscraper?▶ Taipei 101
What is the only territory of the mainland Americas that is still part of a European country?▶ French Guiana
Due to the extreme difficulty of ascent, what mountain is nicknamed the “Savage Mountain”?▶ K2
Pago Pago is the capitol of what U.S. territory?▶ American Samoa
On 16 December 1971, East Pakistan was liberated from Pakistan becoming what newly independent state?▶ Bangladesh
Fort Benning is a United States Army post located in which state?▶ Georgia
In which U.S. National park is the rock formation known as Glacier Point Apron located?▶ Yosemite National Park
The Petronas Twin Towers, the tallest twin towers in the world, are located in what capital city?▶ Kuala Lumpur
What Canadian province separates Alaska from the continental United States?▶ British Columbia
“Oro y Plata” (Spanish for gold and silver) is the motto of which U.S. state?▶ Montana
The Equator passes through which three countries in South America?▶ Ecuador, Colombia & Brazil
With a latitude of 41° 17′ South, what is the southernmost capital city in the world?▶ Wellington, New Zealand
What Los Angeles landmark was named after a World War II general and inspired a Donna Summer disco hit?▶ MacArthur Park
The Hagia Sophia is located in what former Byzantine capital?▶ Istanbul (formerly Constantinople)
What “fashion capital” city is home to Dolce & Gabbana, Prada, and Versace?▶ Milan, Italy
From which major U.S. city can a person drive south into Canada?▶ Detroit
In 1862, the city of Bucharest became the capital of which country?▶ Romania
Currently a popular tourist destination, which Croatian city is known as “The Pearl of the Adriatic”?▶ Dubrovnik
What is the only U.S. state home to a real royal palace once used by a monarchy?▶ Hawaii
Located approximately halfway between Iceland and Norway, the Faroe Islands are a territory of which country?▶ Denmark
The Nation of Brunei is located on the north coast of which island?▶ Borneo
What country is home to the longest canal in the world?▶ China (Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal)
Bordering two different oceans, which U.S. state has the longest coastline?▶ Alaska
The deepest trench in the world, the Mariana Trench, is located in which ocean?▶ Pacific Ocean
Busan is the second most populous city in what country?▶ South Korea
Which U.S state located on the eastern seaboard partially falls in the Central Time Zone?▶ Florida
Lake Chapala is the largest freshwater lake in which country?▶ Mexico
Located in Lake Huron, Mackinac Island is part of which U.S. state?▶ Michigan
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is headquartered in which U.S. city?▶ Atlanta, Georgia
Located in Cambodia, what is the largest religious monument in the world?▶ Angkor Wat
San José is the capital and largest city of which Central American country?▶ Costa Rica
Whistler Blackcomb is a popular ski resort located in which country?▶ Canada
Stockholm is the capital and largest city of what country?▶ Sweden
What is the second largest country by land mass?▶ Canada
In what country would you find the Yellow River?▶ China
Which country lies on the border between Spain and France?▶ Andorra
What hills border Scotland and England?▶ Cheviot Hills
What is the only sea on Earth with no coastline?▶ Sargasso Sea
In which state of the United States would you find Fort Knox?▶ Kentucky
Which country has the longest land border?▶ China with a land border of 13,743 miles (22,117 km).
The French Cote D’Azur is known as what in English?▶ French Riviera
What is the world’s largest ocean?▶ The Pacific Ocean
What is the capital of Quebec Canada?▶ Quebec City
Valletta is the capital of what Mediterranean country?▶ Malta
Which is the most widely spoken language in the world?▶ Mandarin Chinese
Madeira, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean, is autonomous region of which country?▶ Portugal
What language do they speak in Brazil?▶ Portuguese
Canada is made up of how many provinces?▶ 10
Catalonia is a region of what country?▶ Spain
The Black Forest is located in what European country?▶ Germany
What is the capital city of Australia?▶ Canberra
How many times zones are in Canada?▶ Six
Canada’s highest mountain is located in which province or territory?▶ Yukon
What is the largest lake in Africa?▶ Lake Victoria
What city is the capital of Canada?▶ Ottawa
What city is the capital of China?▶ Beijing
What is the largest island in the Caribbean Sea?▶ Cuba
The Great Pyramid of Giza is located in what Egyptian city?▶ Giza
Europe is separated from Asia by which mountain range?▶ Ural Mountains
South Africa completely surrounds which other African nation?▶ Lesotho
San Marino is a microstate in Europe completely surrounded by what country?▶ Italy
What is the color of the five stars found on the flag of China?▶ Yellow
What city in Australia has the highest population?▶ Sydney
Originally a Viking fishing village, Copenhagen became the capital city of what country?▶ Denmark
The Principality of Monaco is a sovereign city-state bordered on three sides by which country?▶ France
Which Scandinavian nation lies between Norway and Finland?▶ Sweden
Which sea separates the East African coast and the Saudi Arabian peninsula?▶ Red Sea
What are the colors that appear on the flag of France?▶ Blue, white & red
What is the capital city of Canada’s Yukon territory?▶ Whitehorse
If you were in the city of Turin, what country would you be in?▶ Italy
Trevi fountain is located in the capital city of which European country?▶ Italy
The port city of Luanda is the capital city of which African country?▶ Angola
What is the longest river in Australia?▶ The Murray River
What common expression is used to refer to the horseshoe shaped zone found along the Pacific rim where approximately 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur?▶ Ring of Fire
Originating in Germany, the Danube River empties into what body of water?▶ Black Sea
What is the largest country located entirely in Europe?▶ Ukraine
The leaning tower of Pisa is located in which city?▶ Pisa, Italy
What African country was officially known as Zaire between 1971 and 1997?▶ The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Which South American country is the world’s largest producer of Coffee?▶ Brazil
Leonardo Davinci’s 15th-century mural, The Last Supper, is located in what city?▶ Milan, Italy
The Canadian province of Quebec is bordered to the west by which other province?▶ Ontario
In terms of geographical area, what is the largest country in Africa?▶ Algeria
A little less than half the size of Great Britain, what is Europe’s second largest island?▶ Iceland
The longest river in Europe, the Volga river, empties into which body of water?▶ The Caspian Sea
By volume, what is the largest body of water in the United Kingdom?▶ Loch Ness
What is the only Canadian province without a natural border?▶ Saskatchewan
The island of Great Britain is made up of what three somewhat autonomous regions?▶ England, Scotland and Wales
The Van Gogh museum is located in what European capital city?▶ Amsterdam
What is the most visited museum in Europe?▶ Louvre, Paris, France

About the Author

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Tim majored in Humanities with a bachelor in English and Theatre at New York State University. He lectured on entertainment business studies for three years at Plymouth College.

Tim has been a trivia host in his current hometown of Pittsburgh for the past two years. He enjoys hanging out with people who love trivia just as much as he does.

His friends call him the Question Master.

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