26+ Geology Trivia Questions and Answers

Advancements in modern geology are vast and wide. So you know that running a Geology trivia will be challenging. Still, that doesn’t mean you won’t have fun with it.

Geology Trivia

Here are some trivia and facts about geology you can throw at your friends to sound like you’re an Earth expert!

  • The earth’s surface area is 510.1 million km².
  • The world’s available fresh water is only 0.5% of the earth’s total water supply.
  • The Ice Ages began 2.4 million years ago and lasted until 11,500 years ago.
  • The most deadly volcanic eruption was the 1815 eruption in Tambora, Indonesia, which killed 92,000 people.
  • Earthquakes are caused mainly by the shifting of the earth’s plates.
  • The great tectonic plate of North America is generally moving towards the west.
  • Geologic time started ticking about 4 billion years ago.
  • The most abundant element in the earth’s crust is Oxygen.
  • The surface of the Pacific Ocean is larger than the surface of the moon.

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Geology Trivia Questions and Answers

Here are some Geology quiz questions that will adeptly test how much geology you know. Get ready!

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What do you call it when there’s a separation of tectonic plates? ▶ Divergent Boundary
What’s the world’s largest lake? ▶ The Caspian Sea
How long did it take for the Grand Canyon to form? ▶ Around 5 to 6 million years
What do you call rocks changed through time by pressure? ▶ Metamorphic Rocks
What do you call the major types of rock that form from pieces eroded by water and wind? ▶ Sedimentary Rock
How hot is the Earth’s outer core? ▶ 4,500° to 5,500° Celsius
What part of the rock cycle involves the forming of rock from molten lava from the earth’s interior areas? ▶ Formation of Igneous Rock
When did the Burdigalian Age end? ▶ 15 million years ago
What’s the outer layer of the Earth called? ▶ The Earth’s Crust
What’s the name of the fault that stretches 1,200 KM through California? ▶ San Andreas Fault
Which of the geologic processes involves rocks breaking into fragments? ▶ Erosion
The theory that Earth’s outer shell is divided into plates that glide over the mantle is known as what?▶ Plate Tectonics
In science, how long is an eon?▶ One billion years
What igneous rock has a density less than water?▶ Pumice
Which country has the most volcanoes?▶ The United States
In which national park would you find the geyser known as “Old Faithful”?▶ Yellowstone National Park
What is the world’s largest active volcano?▶ Mauna Loa (Hawaii)

About the Author

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Tim majored in Humanities with a bachelor in English and Theatre at New York State University. He lectured on entertainment business studies for three years at Plymouth College.

Tim has been a trivia host in his current hometown of Pittsburgh for the past two years. He enjoys hanging out with people who love trivia just as much as he does.

His friends call him the Question Master.