50+ Biology Trivia Questions and Answers

Test your knowledge about the human body, the life process, living organisms, and the natural world around us with this set of Biology trivia questions. Do you know the parts of animal cells or what life form lives best in extreme conditions? Let’s find out the answers together!

Biology Trivia

Modern marine biology, human brain functions, living thing processes, and so on— these are some of the areas of Biology that might be a bit challenging but can also be fun when thrown around in a pub quiz or trivia night. See how many Biology quiz questions you and your friends or colleagues can answer.

Biology Trivia Questions and Answers

How many white blood cells does a body have? Who formulated the idea of natural selection? How many bones does an adult human have? What’s the world’s tallest grass? It’s time for some Biology trivia questions.

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What is the white part of the inside of an egg called?▶ Albumen
What blood type do you need to be a universal donor?▶ Type O-
Which bone is the longest bone in the human body?▶ Femur
What is known as the “master gland” of the human body?▶ pituitary gland
What is the perceived decrease in air temperature felt by the body due to the flow of air known as?▶ Wind chill
Most adults have how many canine teeth?▶ Four
A person able to use both hands with equal skill is called what?▶ Ambidextrous
What does the acronym DNA stand for?▶ Deoxyribonucleic acid
What is the largest organ of the human body?▶ Skin
What is the scientific name of the common potato?▶ Solanum tuberosum L.
What is the largest internal organ of the human body?▶ Liver
What is the name for a protein that acts as a biological catalyst?▶ Enzyme
What vitamin is produced when a person is exposed to sunlight?▶ Vitamin D
How many pairs of chromosomes are in found in the average human?▶ Twenty-three
Approximately 2% of all people have what eye color?▶ Green
In humans, what is the only internal organ capable of regenerating lost tissue?▶ The Liver
What is the common name for the third and final set of molars that most people develop?▶ Wisdom Teeth
What was the name given to the sheep that was the first mammal cloned from an adult cell?▶ Dolly
Penicillin was discovered in 1928 by which Scottish scientist?▶ Sir Alexander Fleming
The molecule “hemoglobin” is used in which type of cells?▶ Red blood cells
What is the name for the specialized nerve cell that transmits information chemically and electrically throughout the body?▶ Neuron
Which gland in the human body regulates metabolism?▶ Thyroid
What is the most common blood type in humans?▶ O+
Which scientist is considered the father of modern genetics?▶ Gregor Mendel
In 1796 Edward Jenner developed the vaccination for what disease?▶ Smallpox
The world’s fastest growing plant is a species of what?▶ Bamboo
What is the name for the upper arm bone found in humans?▶ Humerus
Able to be seen from outer space, what is Earth’s largest living structure?▶ The Great Barrier Reef
What is the name for the pigment found in your skin and hair that gives them color?▶ Melanin
The adult human skeleton is made of up how many bones?▶ 206
What gives red blood cells their color?▶ Hemoglobin
What part of the human body contains five metacarpal bones?▶ The hand
In the human body, what is the hallux?▶ The big toe
A deficiency of what vitamin may lead to dry eyes and night blindness?▶ Vitamin A
Ficus carica is the scientific name for which Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family?▶ Common fig
The malleus, incus and stapes are found in what part of the human body?▶ The ear
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacteria that usually attack which organ?▶ Lungs
What is the largest animal currently on Earth?▶ Blue Whale
Lemurs, a type of primate, are native to what island nation?▶ Madagascar
Which animal has the largest brain?▶ The sperm whale has the largest brain weighing around 17 pounds
Which animal has the longest gestation period?▶ The African elephant (about 660 days)
An animal that lives part of its life on land and part in water is known as what?▶ An Amphibian
What animal has the fastest metabolism?▶ Hummingbird
How many chambers are there in a dog’s heart?▶ Four
Which shark is the biggest?▶ The whale shark
Now extinct, what shark is thought to have been the largest ever on Earth?▶ Megalodon
Natural pearls are found in what sea creature?▶ Oyster
How many hearts does an octopus have?▶ Three
What is the common term for bovine spongiform encephalopathy, a disease that causes degeneration of the brain and spinal cord in cattle?▶ Mad cow disease
What chemical element gives the blood of a lobster a bluish tint?▶ Copper

About the Author

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Tim majored in Humanities with a bachelor in English and Theatre at New York State University. He lectured on entertainment business studies for three years at Plymouth College.

Tim has been a trivia host in his current hometown of Pittsburgh for the past two years. He enjoys hanging out with people who love trivia just as much as he does.

His friends call him the Question Master.